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Assuming you have little or no debt and are investing for retirement, I beg you, don’t make the same mistakes I have. It is easy to invest money into the right fund or funds, but it requires a little bit of upfront homework and then you can set cruise control.
Put time in now and peel back the few layers required to get started investing for retirement. There’s not even that many layers to peel, I promise!
Low-Cost Index Funds for Retirement Investing
It is a type of mutual fund you can select to invest your retirement accounts in that tracks a specific index. An index typically measures a designated section of the stock market. For example, the S&P 500 stock market index tracks the stocks of 500 large-cap U.S. companies.
A financial institution like Vanguard creates an index to follow the performance of the S&P 500. If you chose to invest in one, then you would own a very small piece of all 500 of those companies.
The cost for most index funds is relatively low compared to other investment options. This is because the fund does not need to be actively managed as it is holding the investments.
Another common type of investment is mutual funds. Mutual funds are actively managed and shares are bought and sold more frequently.
There is simply less overhead expenses on an index fund so the fees are naturally lower. The less you pay to have your money invested, the more money you will have to grow your portfolio.
Understanding Compound Interest in Retirement Investing
The earlier you start investing for retirement the more time your money has to grow. Not only does the money you add to your retirement account earn you interest, the interest you earn on that money earns you interest.
Compound interest is where you earn interest on top of interest you already earned. The longer the money can grow the better.
For example: $1,000 invested today, with a 7% interest rate will grow to about:
- $1,950 in 10 years
- $3,900 in 20 years
- $7,600 in 30 years.
There’s more than a 700% increase over 30 years while there’s only a 100% increase in 10 years. A 100% increase is great but it’s not even on the same scale as a 700% increase.
Why Low-Cost Index Funds?
Low-cost index funds don’t cost much to invest your money in. The key is to make sure it’s a low-cost index fund, as not all index funds are low in cost. The less fees you pay to invest, the more money you have to earn interest on and the greater you benefit from the power of compound interest.
Investing for Retirement Mistakes
About 5 years ago I was watching a PBS special with Suzy Orman where she was telling the audience low-cost index funds was a smart way to invest your money for retirement. I was so excited to hear this. I thought I was being let in on a special secret.
I was at a new job and the 401k money from my previous employer was sitting where it had been before. I thought this was my opportunity to roll the money over into an IRA and invest it more wisely.
So what did I do? I reached out to a financial adviser, to invest my money in low-cost index funds.
Investing Mistake #1
If you’re an average Joe like me, don’t pay someone to manage your money for you. When I met with the financial adviser, I asked if he was a fiduciary. He said yes. What is a fiduciary, you ask? Basically, in this situation, it’s someone who you should be able to trust ethically to invest your money.
Fiduciaries need to be certified and part of me wishes I had asked to see the adviser’s certificate but I’m not sure what that would have established. Ethics is one of those intangible traits that are hard to measure. Click to Tweet this.
All one can hope is the courses required for a fiduciary to get their certificate and the fees associated with not following the rules makes an individual think twice before trying to scam you.
Investing Mistake #2:
I asked the adviser if I could invest all my money into low cost index funds. He said yes. I thought this is perfect.
When my first statement came, I noticed the names of funds didn’t all reference index funds. I questioned the financial adviser on this and he quickly reassured me all my money was being invested in low-cost funds – the word “index” was left out.
I didn’t necessarily trust the adviser, but I chose to be complacent and accept his response.
Investing Mistake #3
I did not do enough upfront work to make sure I really understood what low-cost index funds even were. If I had, I likely would have decided to manage my own funds.
Over the following year, I didn’t see my money growing and noticed I was being charged about $250 a quarter on a $65K portfolio. That may not seem like a lot but if the money had been invested in VTSAX where the fee is 0.04% I would have only been paying $26 annually in fees. That’s nearly $1,000 more per year in fees and a lot of compound interest lost!
Investing Mistake #1 – Repeated
Fast forward a couple years and my current company merged with another company. Due to this, all the employees had to move their 401Ks into an IRA.
I chose to rollover my current 401K with the company where the money already was – no way was I going to repeat my mistake and roll these funds into my existing IRA.
The company that had managed my 401K over the past several years seemed to have done a good job as the balance had steadily grown. What? Didn’t I just say I wasn’t going to repeat the same mistake I did with my first IRA?
I may not have used the same financial adviser, but I agreed to pay a “small fee” with the new IRA to have someone manage it for me. I was too scared to take responsibility over the management of my funds because I still had not done the homework to properly educate myself on low-cost index funds.
Investing Mistake #4
I failed to understand the market in general was doing very well during the time I had contributed to my employer 401K. Imagine my surprise when my investments weren’t doing as well later when the market took a hit in general.
The Future of Investing for Retirement
Wow! I was so naïve, ignorant, plain lazy, whatever you want to call it. I uncovered a very valuable way to invest my money 5 years ago in low-cost index funds, but I failed to gather enough information to properly execute it. No point in dwelling in the past though.
I have finally done enough research and implemented the necessary steps to set myself up for a prosperous future. What’s different this time? A bit more knowledge and simple math.
This is only a small part to a successful retirements savings strategy. To truly be successful, you need a well thought out road map to follow. Luckily you’ve come to the right place.
The Ultimate Retirement Savings Plan Road Map
Most Americans recognize they’ll need at least $1,000,000 to live comfortably in retirement. However, according to a TransAmerica Center study, over 35% of Americans do not have a retirement savings plan and only 19% have a written strategy.
Don’t be one of those people. This series will walk you through the importance of planning ahead for retirement all the way through how you can boost your current investment strategy.
Take control of your future by planning wisely. It’s never too early! In fact, the sooner you start the better off you’ll be.
- Understand the importance of having a retirement savings plan that meets your needs, not the average person’s needs.
- Review your current expenses and see if you can cut costs anywhere to save faster for retirement.
- Use your current expenses to estimate what your expenses will be like in retirement.
- Plug your unique and individual estimated retirement expenses into 2 tested guidelines to calculate YOUR ultimate retirement savings goal.
- Discover why a Health Savings Account (HSA) is the gold standard for retirement savings and how to make it work best for you.
- Understand the different types of retirement accounts and which ones are the best for you to invest in.
- Learn about costly mistakes you will want to avoid when you invest your money in retirement savings.
- Wrap your head around the fees associated with investing, particularly avoidable ones charged by a financial adviser.
- Understand the different types of mutual funds available and how to determine which one(s) are the best to invest it.
- Review your investments and explore ways to know if they are working for you.
Retirement Expense Planning Worksheet
Use this expense tracker to record current expenses and estimate future expenses. This tracker includes tips on how certain expenses will change for the better or worse in retirement. Get started recording your current expenses today and feel better prepared for tomorrow.
An absolute wonderful book to compliment this series is JL Collins – The Simple Path to Wealth. It is packed with simple to follow, executable steps. It is a great investment that is well worth the money. I highly recommend it.
If you are looking for ways to save money, plan for retirement and invest wisely subscribe here. You will be notified of future articles where we will continue to explore ways to be a better, wealthier you.